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Sourdough Bread vs Atta Bread: Which is healthier? – Times of India

There’s no denying that bread is one of the most loved staples around the world, but do you know which bread is actually healthy? Well, with a plethora of options to choose from, here are two of the most popular bread varieties that are extensively consumed. Here is all you need to know about these two breads and which is healthier?
Sourdough Bread
Sourdough bread is one of the most popular breads that are prepared using leavening agents like lactobacilli and yeast, which gives this bread a unique taste and texture.The process of fermentation gives this bread a distinctive texture. Here are some of the reasons to add Sourdough bread to the daily diet.
Improved Digestibility
The fermentation process breaks down gluten and phytic acid, potentially making sourdough easier to digest for those with mild gluten sensitivities or digestive issues.

Enhanced Nutrient Absorption
Fermentation increases the bioavailability of nutrients such as iron, zinc, magnesium, and B vitamins, aiding in their absorption during digestion.
Lower Glycemic Index
Sourdough typically has a lower glycemic index (GI) compared to bread made with commercial yeast. This means it causes a slower and steadier increase in blood sugar levels, making it a favorable option for individuals monitoring their blood sugar.
Prebiotic Properties
The fermentation process produces prebiotics, which feed beneficial bacteria in the gut and promote a healthy digestive system.

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Atta Bread (Whole Wheat Bread)
Atta bread also known as whole wheat bread, is made using a dough of whole wheat flour. What makes this bread different is the presence of nutrient-rich bran and germ layers of the wheat kernel. Here are some reasons to add Atta bread to the diet.
Rich in Fiber
Whole wheat flour contains dietary fiber, which aids in digestion, promotes satiety, and helps regulate blood sugar levels. Fiber also supports heart health by lowering cholesterol levels.
Nutrient Density
Whole wheat flour retains more vitamins and minerals compared to refined flour, including B vitamins, iron, magnesium, and antioxidants like selenium and phytochemicals.

Sourdough Bread

Sustained Energy Release
The complex carbohydrates in whole wheat bread provide a steady release of energy, helping to sustain energy levels throughout the day and prevent blood sugar spikes and crashes.
Heart Health
Studies suggest that regular consumption of whole grains, like those found in atta bread, may reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke due to their favorable effects on cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

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Which is healthier?
Choosing between sourdough and atta bread ultimately depends on individual health goals, preferences, and dietary considerations. Sourdough bread offers benefits like improved digestibility, enhanced nutrient absorption, and a lower glycemic index, making it a favorable option for those with digestive issues or blood sugar concerns. On the other hand, atta bread is known for its rich fiber content, nutrient density, and sustained energy release, making it a valuable addition to a balanced diet.

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